The title of the series of work Shifts and Contrivances is taken from the book The Art of Travel Shifts and Contrivances in Wild Countries by the English polymath Sir Francis Galton FRS (1822-1911). The book was first published in 1855 and is still in print today. Galton travelled extensively in Africa and Europe and wrote travel books and survival guides based mainly on his own practical experiences and observations. The Art of Travel gives some rather good advice on how to survive in the wild and among other instructions contains a diagram showing how to construct a simple boat - which is the shape used in the Shifts and Contrivances series. For Malmros the shape symbolises travel, migration and exploration. The series comprises of mostly prints. The printed element is often the starting point for a three-dimensional work; the prints are ostensibly prints (screen print, woodblock etc.) but are frequently only the blueprint for a practice that employs careful cutting and folding to explore the potential of repeated pattern, volume, space, surface and shadow. Sometimes the repetition occurs within the confines of a single piece as in the ongoing series Truncated Element and Shifts & Contrivances, which employ versions of a repeating pattern. The pattern exists both as itself – repeated, two-dimensional – and as a blueprint for a three-dimensional construction; through rigorous repetition something new emerges.